Tuesday, January 19, 2010

Robert E Lee

Today is Robert E Lee's birthday. There are folks all over the United States celebrating this day, because it also happens to be Dolly Parton's Birthday too! And dang it all, I turned 35 stinking years old today. Man, does the time fly!

Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was a career United States Army officer, an engineer, and among the most celebrated generals in American history. Lee was the son of Major General Henry Lee III "Light Horse Harry", Governor of Virginia, and his second wife, Anne Hill Carter.
He is best known for commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War.
In early 1861, President
Abraham Lincoln invited Lee to take command of the entire Union Army. Lee declined because his home state of Virginia was seceding from the Union, despite Lee's wishes. When Virginia seceded from the Union in April 1861, Lee chose to follow his home state.
Lee's greatest victories were the
Seven Days Battles, the Second Battle of Bull Run, the Battle of Fredericksburg, the Battle of Chancellorsville, and the Battle of Cold Harbor but both of his campaigns to invade the North ended in failure. Barely escaping defeat at the Battle of Antietam in 1862, Lee was forced to return to the South.
In early July 1863, Lee was decisively defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania.
In the spring of 1864, the new Union commander, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, began a series of campaigns to wear down Lee's army. In the Overland Campaign of 1864 and the Siege of Petersburg in 1864–1865, Lee inflicted heavy casualties on Grant's larger army, but was unable to replace his own losses. By June 1865, all of the remaining Confederate armies had capitulated.
In the final months of the Civil War, as manpower reserves drained away, Lee adopted a plan to arm slaves to fight on behalf of the Confederacy, but this came too late to change the outcome of the war. After Appomattox Lee encouraged reconciliation between the North and the South.

After the war, as a college President, Lee supported President
Andrew Johnson's program of Reconstruction and inter-sectional friendship. Lee became the great Southern hero of the war, and his popularity grew in the North as well after his death in 1870. He remains an iconic figure of American military leadership.


Michael and Cassie said...

Happy Birthday Rachel!

ourhaskellfamily said...

Happy late B-day to you and Robert E. Lee! I can't believe we will all be turning 35 this year!!! That used to seem so old. I still feel 18!

Talbots said...

Happy Birthday!!! 35?

Gary said...

Happy Birthday Rachel!

Jenn said...

Happy Birthday to you!-- and Robert E Lee too, Oh and Dolly-- but mostly you!.


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